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《课件》八年级英语下册 Unit 7 What’s the highest mountain in the world Period 2 人教新目标版1

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义务教育教科书(人教)八年级英语下册
Section A(3a-4c)

Which is the highest mountain in the world? Which is the longest river in Asia? …

nature n. 大自然 freezing adj. 极冷的; 冰冻的
thick adj. 厚的;浓的

1. achievement n. 成就;成绩 e.g. We felt a great sense of achievement when we reached the top of the mountain. 当我们到达山顶的时候,我们有一种巨 大的成就感。 2. achieve v. 达到;完成;成功 e.g. He will never achieve anything if he doesn’t work harder. 如果他不加紧努力工作,他会一事无成。

3. southwestern adj. 西南的;西南方向的 e.g. Is this Southwestern Airline?
这是西南航空公司吗? 4. include v. 包含;包括
e.g. Her hobbies include swimming and
gardening. 她爱好游泳和园艺。
5. condition n. 条件;状况 e.g. The piano was in good condition.
这台钢琴状况良好。

6. take in 吸入;容纳 e.g. Fish take in oxygen through their gills.
鱼用鳃吸氧气。 7. succeed v. 实现目标;成功 e.g. If you try hard you’ll succeed.
你如果努力就会成功。 常用短语:succeed in doing sth. e.g. Police have finally succeeded in solving
the mystery. 警察最终成功*饬苏飧鲆砂浮

8. challenge v. & n. 挑战;考验 e.g. The job doesn’t really challenge him.
这项工作不能真正的考验他。
The new government’s first challenge is the economy. 新政府面临的第一个挑战是经济问题。 9. in the face of 面对(困难、问题等) e.g. In the face of difficulties, he’s completely unafraid. 他在困难面前毫不胆怯。

10. force n. 力;力量 e.g. The thief took the money from the
old man by force. 窃贼用暴力抢了老人的钱。

What do you know about Qomolangma? Talk about Qomolangma in pairs.

自读文章,在书中划出重点、疑点后,翻 译下列短语。先独立完成,后小组商议。 1.最危险的山峰
the most dangerous mountain 2.世界上最危险的运动之一
one of the world’s most dangerous sports 3.登山(名词短语)/(动词短语)
mountain climbing/climb mountains

4.来自世界各地的登山者 the climbers from all over the world
5.横亘于中国的西南边界 run along the southwestern part of China
6.在所有的山峰中 of all the mountains
7.厚厚的云层
thick clouds

8.更为严重的困难 more serious difficulties
9.寒冷的天气状况和强劲的暴风雪 freezing weather conditions and heavy storms
10.首次到达珠穆朗玛峰顶的人 the first people to reach the top of Qomolangma

3a Read the article and match each
paragraph with the main ideas.

Paragraph 1 Paragraph 2
Paragraph 3

spirit of climbers achievements of climbers facts and dangers

According to the passage, fill in the blanks.
One of the most _d__a_n_g_e_ro_u__s _ sports in the world is mountain _c_li_m__b_in_g__, and one of the most __p_o_p_u_la_r__ places to go for this is the Himalayas. These extremely high __r_i_sk___ attract _c_li_m__b_e_rs__ from all over the world. Many people say this is one of the most _f_a_m__o_u_s_ parts of the world.

The Himalayas __r_u_n_s__ along the _so_u__th_w__e_st_e_r_n_ border of china. Of all the peaks (tops), Qomolangma is the __h_i_g_h_e_s_t_ and most __fa_m__o_u_s__. It’s ___th_e__h_a_r_d_e_s_t _ to climb Qomolangma because thick clouds __c_o_v_er__ the top of the mountain. Even more serious __d_if_f_ic_u_l_ti_e_s_ include the freezing ___w_e_a_t_h_e_r__ conditions and the __h_e_a_v_y_ storms.

The first __p_e_o_p_l_e__ to reach the top of Qomolangma – Tenzing Norgay and Edmund Hillary – did it in 1953. The first Chinese climber __r_ea_c_h_e_d___ the top in 1960, and in 1975, the first __w__o_m__a_n__ did it too.
Read the article again, and answer the following questions.

1. What a mountain is Himalayas? It’s one of the most popular places for mountain climbing.
2. Why is it dangerous to climb Qomolangma? Because thick clouds cover the top and snow can fall very hard.
3. When did the first Chinese reach the top of Qomolangma? In 1960.

3b Read the article again and complete the chart.

Paragraph 1 Paragraph 2 Paragraph 3

List tour List three dangers for achievements climbers.

List tour comparisons

thick clouds

1953—Tenzing most

Norgay and dangerous

Edmund

sport

Hillary were the

first to reach

the top

snow can fall The first

People can

very hard Chinese team challenge

reached the themselves in the

freezing

top in 1960. face of difficulties.

weather

The first

Never give up

conditions woman to

trying to achieve

succeed was our dream.

heavy storms Junko Tabei Humans can be

from Japan in stronger than the

1975.

forces of nature.

3c Answer the questions using
information from the article. 1. Where are the Himalayas?
In the southwestern part of China. 2. How high is Qomolangma?
8,844.43 meters high.

3. Why do so many people try to climb this mountain even though it is dangerous? Because people want to challenge themselves in the face of difficulties.
4. What does the spirit of the climbers tell us? We should never give up trying to achieve our dreams.

Make sentences using the information in the forms.

the Nile the Yangtze River the Yellow

River

6,670 6,300

5,500

The Yellow River is long. The Yangtze River is a lot __lo_n_g_e_r_ than the Yellow River. The Nile is __t_h_e_l_o_n_g_e_st__ of all.

the Nile the Yangtze River the Yellow River

6,670 6,300

5,500

The Yangtze River is not __a_s_ long __a_s_ the Nile. = The Yangtze River is not __lo_n_g_e_r_ than the Nile.

Qomolangma Mount Huang Mount Tai

8,848

1,864

1,545

Mount Tai is high. Mount Huang is a little _h_i_g_h_e_r_ than Mount Tai. Qomolangma is __th_e__h_ig_h__es_t__ of all.
Mount Tai is not _a_s_ high _a_s_ Qomolangma. = Mount Tai is not _h_i_g_h_e_r_ than Qomolangma.

Singapore Malaysia

China

4,000,000 20,000,000 1300,000,000

1. The population of Singapore is large. 2. The population of Malaysia is much
_l_a_rg_e_r_ than that of Singapore. 3. The population of China is _th_e__la_r_g_e_s_t
of all.

Singapore Malaysia

China

4,000,000 20,000,000 1300,000,000

4. The population of Singapore is not __a_s__ large __a_s_ that of China.
5. The population of Singapore is not _l_a_rg_e_r__ than that of China.

大多数形容词有三个级。 1. 原级: Structure : as ... as... 像..….一样 e.g. Tim is as tall as Tom. 2. 比较级 (用于两者之间的比较): Structure:形容词比较级+ than ... e.g. This box is bigger than that one.

3. 最高级(用于三者或三者以上的比较): Structure: the + 形容词的最高级+of / in ... e.g. Tom is the heaviest in our class.
He is the most popular in our school.

规则变化 1) 一般情况下,单音节或双音节的形容
词/副词比较级+er, 最高级+est。如: clever — cleverer — cleverest few — fewer — fewest small — smaller — smallest 等。

2) 以e结尾的词,比较级+r,最高级+st 即可。 如:
nice — nicer — nicest
cute — cuter — cutest
large — larger — largest 3) 以辅音字母+y结尾的变y为i+er或est 如: easy — easier — easiest
happy — happier — happiest 再如:early, busy, heavy, dirty, lazy 也如 此。

4) 重读闭音节,单辅音结尾的,双写这 个辅音字母+er 或 est的词:
① fat — fatter — fattest ② thin — thinner — thinnest ③ hot — hotter — hottest ④ red — redder — reddest ⑤ wet — wetter — wettest ⑥ big — bigger — biggest

5) 多音节和部分双音节的词需要在形容词 原级前+more 构成比较级,+the most 构 成最高级。如: beautiful - more beautiful - the most
beautiful 又如: delicious, popular, important,
interesting, expensive, creative 双音节的词如: careful - more careful - the most careful useful - more useful - the most useful

少数单音节词也是这样,如: pleased — more pleased — the most pleased tired — more tired — the most tired b) 不规则变化: good — better — best well — better — best bad — worse — worst many/much — more — most

far — farther —farthest far — further — furthest old — elder — eldest old — older — oldest

(距离远) (程度深) (长幼)
(年龄)

? 三者或三者以上相比,表示最高程度 时,用“the + 最高级”的结构表示。 这种句式一般常有表示比较范围的介 词短语。例如:
Zhang Hua is the tallest of the three. He works (the) hardest in his class.

2. 最高级可被序数词以及 much,by far, nearly,almost,by no means,not quite, not really,nothing like 等词语所修饰。 例如: This hat is by far/much/nearly/ almost/not nearly/by no means/not quite/nothing like the biggest. How
much did the second most expensive hat
coat?

3. 表示“最高程度”的形容词,如 excellent,extreme,perfect等,没有最高 级,也不能用比较级。 4. 形容词最高级修饰作表语或介词宾语的 名词、代词时,被修饰的词往往省略。
e.g. He is the tallest (boy) in his class. 5. 作状语的副词最高级前可以不加定冠词。 e.g. Of all the boys he came (the) earliest.

1. She is ________ than ________.

A. busier / us

B. busier / we

C. more busy / us D. more busy / we

2. Jane is ________ than Betty.

A. less taller

B. less tallest

C. less tall

D. not as tall

3. China is ________ country in the world.

A. the third largest B. the largest third

C. the third large D. a third largest

4. — Which is ____ season in Beijing?

— I think it’s autumn.

A. good B. better C. best D. the best

5. — Which is ____, the sun, the moon or

the earth?

— The moon is.

? small

B. smaller

C. smallest

D. the smallest

6. I study English as ____ as my brother.

A. hard

B. harder

C. hardest

7. Which is ____, a bicycle or a computer?

A. expensive B. more expensive

C. the most expensive

8. The Yellow River is one of ______ rivers

in China.

A. long B. longer C. the longest

结束语
Great hope makes great man. 伟大的思想造就伟大的人




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